Taiwan Cultural Events

Taiwan Cultural Events | Taiwan Public Holidays


Taiwan has a rich cultural history and tourists from all over the world come to visit the Island for its celebratory and cultural events held throughout the year. Here, we’ll look at some of the more popular events that occur in Taiwan

 

The Pingxi Lantern Festival

The Pingxi Lantern festival is part of the Taiwan Lantern festival which is an annual event that coincides with the Spring Lantern Chinese Festival and is celebrated on the fifteenth day of the first month in the lunisolar Chinese calendar. The festival started in the early 19th century and served as a way for the people to release celebrate the New Year and release their prayers in sky lanterns to travel up to their ancestors with well wishes, and hopes for the upcoming New Year.

 

 

Over time, the event has centralised in Pingxi area and the event carries the thoughts of a reflected life and the hopes of the future and it has been voted as one of the of the biggest New Year celebrations in the world by the Discovery Channel. Like many other celebrations, the lantern festival will settle on a theme – the theme will revolve around the zodiac symbol of the Chinese New Year, with the main lantern being a reflection of that theme. The smaller lanterns such as the ones released by children, families and tourists will invariably relate to that theme. It is an incredibly beautiful event and is popular with local people who would like to be blessed for a variety of reasons.

 

Sky Lanterns in the Night Sky Photo

Caption: Photo: The Pingxi Lantern Festival

 

Sky lanterns are handmade, and are made with rice paper, thin bamboo strips and wire and are powered into the sky through kerosene soaked papers upon which carry the prayers of the person releasing the sky lantern. At the festival tourists will have the option of buying a premade lantern, or they can make their own. The relatively sleepy town of Pingxi has a population of around 6,000 – however up to half a million people will descend upon the town for the festival.

After being set alight, the lantern will rise to around 500metres and will generally stay afloat for up to 8 minutes.  Owing to the fire hazard of the fire lanterns, the lantern festival has been restricted to the Pingxi district located in Northen Taiwain where the higher humidity and increased rainfall in the region, limits the fire hazard of the lantern.

 

The Dragon Boat Festival

The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional holiday originating in China and occurring near the summer solstice. It is less commonly known as the Zhongxia Festival and it is a celebration commemorating fealty and filial peity both elements of Confucian philosophy. In modern times the festival will occur on the 5th day of the 5th month in the traditional Chinese calender. Since the calender is lunisolar, it is important to double check the dates of most of the festivals within Taiwan as they will occur on different days each year. For example, in the Gregorian calendar the festival occurred on June 2 in 2014, June 20th in 2015, June 9th in 2016, May 30 in 2017, June 18 in 2018 and June 7 in 2019.

 

The Dragon Boat Festival Photo

Caption: Photo: The Dragon Boat Festival

 

The best known story for the reason of the festival is that it commemorates the death of the poet and Minister Qu Yuan (340-278BC) during the period of the Zhou Dynasty. Though it should be known that there are several different variations of the holiday and the reasoning behind the holiday. Regardless of the reasoning behind the holiday, it is best known for three kinds of pleasurable activities; eating, drinking and racing dragon boats and is an exceptionally popular event for visiting tourists.

 

New Year Festival

The Chinese New Year Festival is one of the most popular festivals in Taiwan. It celebrates the first day of the New Year in the Chinese calendar. Like most festivals concerning Chinese culture, it is dictated by the Lunar Calendar and therefore will fall on a different day each year. The festival will celebrate one of the 12 Zodiac Animals which include; ox, horse, goat, rooster, pig, dog, rat, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake and monkey. They are separated into two categories with the first six of the aforementioned list being the main domesticated animals raised by the Chinese with the latter six being the most loved animals.  The holiday will normally fall between January the 20th and February the 20th and is celebrated with food, families, lucky money (given in the form of red envelopes), costumes and many other things with the colour red for good luck. The festival will be celebrated in a vibrant display of red and will feature lion and dragon dances, drums, and a multitude of fireworks and fire crackers.

 

New Year Festival Photo

Caption: Photo: New Year Festival

 

It is the largest and most important annual festival celebrated by Chinese and Chinese descendants across the globe. It’s sometimes referred to as the spring festival or Lunar New Year. When visiting Taiwan for the New Year festival it is important to note that many of the shops and the tourist attractions across the island will shut down for the first day or two of the celebration. The event is marked by numerous other celebrations across the Island which include the Pingxi Lantern Festival, the Bombarding Master Handan festival, and the Yanshui Beehive Fireworks festival.

 

National Day

National day is primarily celebrated within Taiwan and is one of the few national holidays for the Island considering its history with that of mainland China. It is the national day of the Republic of China (ROC) and it is a celebration commemorating the Wuchang Uprising of October 10, 1911. This uprising led to the collapse of the Qing Dynasty in China and resulted in the formation of the ROC on January 1st, 1912. Over the course of the Chinese Civil War the ROC lost control of mainland China and opted to fleet to Taiwan in December 1949, as a result the National day is primarily only celebrated in the ROC controlled Taiwan.

 

The National Day Photo

Caption: Photo: The National Day

 

The celebration will officially begin with the rising of the Republic of China Flag in the front of the Presidential Building in Taipei and the singing of the national anthem of the Republic of China. This is followed by celebrations in front of the Presidential Building. Every few years, occurring randomly, a military parade may occur. Festivities will often include many traditional aspects of Chinese and Taiwanese culture including drums and lion dances. The event is concluded by a presidential address and a fireworks display.

 

 

Taiwan 2017 Holidays

Date-Weekday-Holiday Name-Holiday Type

Jan 1-Sunday-Republic Day/New Year's Day-National holiday

Jan 2-Monday-Republic Day/New Year's Day observed-National holiday

Jan 27-Friday-Chinese New Year's Eve-National holiday

Jan 28-Saturday-Chinese New Year's Day-National holiday

Jan 29-Sunday-Chinese New Year Holiday 1-National holiday

Jan 30-Monday-Chinese New Year Holiday 2-National holiday

Jan 31-Tuesday-Chinese New Year Holiday 3-National holiday

Feb 1-Wednesday-Chinese New Year Holiday 4-National holiday

Feb 4-Saturday-Farmer's Day-Observance

Feb 11-Saturday-Lantern Festival-Observance

Feb 11-Saturday-Tourism Day-Observance

Feb 25-Saturday-228 Memorial Day-National holiday

Feb 26-Sunday-228 Memorial Day-National holiday

Feb 27-Monday-Earth God's Birthday-Observance

Feb 28-Tuesday-228 Memorial Day-National holiday

Mar 8-Wednesday-Women's Day-Observance

Mar 12-Sunday-Arbor Day-Observance

Mar 16-Thursday-Kuan Yin's Birthday-Observance

Mar 20-Monday-March equinox-Season

Mar 29-Wednesday-Youth Day-Observance

Apr 3-Monday-Children's Day-National holiday

Apr 5-Wednesday-Tomb Sweeping Day-National holiday

Apr 11-Tuesday-God of Medicine's Birthday-Observance

Apr 16-Sunday-Easter Sunday-Observance

Apr 19-Wednesday-Matsu's Birthday-Observance

May 1-Monday-Labor Day-National holiday

May 3-Wednesday-Buddha's Birthday-Observance

May 4-Thursday-Literary Day-Observance

May 14-Sunday-Mother's Day-Observance

May 30-Tuesday-Dragon Boat Festival-National holiday

Jun 3-Saturday-Opium Suppression Movement Day-Observance

Jun 7-Wednesday-Kuan Kung's Birthday-Observance

Jun 7-Wednesday-Chen Huang's Birthday-Observance

Jun 21-Wednesday-June Solstice-Season

Aug 8-Tuesday-Father's Day-Observance

Aug 28-Monday-Valentine's Day-Observance

Sep 3-Sunday-Armed Forces Day-Observance

Sep 5-Tuesday-Ghost Festival-Observance

Sep 22-Friday-September equinox-Season

Sep 28-Thursday-Teachers' Day-Observance

Oct 4-Wednesday-Mid-Autumn Festival-National holiday

Oct 10-Tuesday-National Day/Double Tenth Day-National holiday

Oct 21-Saturday-Overseas Chinese Day-Observance

Oct 25-Wednesday-Taiwan's Retrocession Day-Observance

Oct 28-Saturday-Double Ninth Day-Observance

Oct 31-Tuesday-Halloween-Observance

Nov 12-Sunday-Sun Yat-sen's Birthday-Observance

Dec 2-Saturday-Saisiat Festival-Observance

Dec 21-Thursday-December Solstice-Season

Dec 21-Thursday-Dōngzhì Festival-Observance

Dec 25-Monday-Constitution Day-Observance

Dec 25-Monday-Christmas Day-Observance

 

Taiwan Holidays 2018

Date-Weekday-Holiday Name-Holiday Type

Jan 1-Monday-Republic Day/New Year's Day-National holiday

Feb 4-Sunday-Farmer's Day-Observance

Feb 15-Thursday-Chinese New Year's Eve-National holiday

Feb 16-Friday-Chinese New Year's Day-National holiday

Feb 17-Saturday-Chinese New Year Holiday 1-National holiday

Feb 18-Sunday-Chinese New Year Holiday 2-National holiday

Feb 19-Monday-Chinese New Year Holiday 3-National holiday

Feb 20-Tuesday-Chinese New Year Holiday 4-National holiday

Feb 28-Wednesday-228 Memorial Day-National holiday

Mar 2-Friday-Lantern Festival-Observance

Mar 2-Friday-Tourism Day-Observance

Mar 8-Thursday-Women's Day-Observance

Mar 12-Monday-Arbor Day-Observance

Mar 18-Sunday-Earth God's Birthday-Observance

Mar 20-Tuesday-March equinox-Season

Mar 29-Thursday-Youth Day-Observance

Apr 1-Sunday-Easter Sunday-Observance

Apr 4-Wednesday-Children's Day-National holiday

Apr 4-Wednesday-Kuan Yin's Birthday-Observance

Apr 5-Thursday-Tomb Sweeping Day-National holiday

Apr 30-Monday-God of Medicine's Birthday-Observance

May 1-Tuesday-Labor Day-National holiday

May 4-Friday-Literary Day-Observance

May 8-Tuesday-Matsu's Birthday-Observance

May 13-Sunday-Mother's Day-Observance

May 22-Tuesday-Buddha's Birthday-Observance

Jun 3-Sunday-Opium Suppression Movement Day-Observance

Jun 18-Monday-Dragon Boat Festival-National holiday

Jun 21-Thursday-June Solstice-Season

Jun 26-Tuesday-Kuan Kung's Birthday-Observance

Jun 26-Tuesday-Chen Huang's Birthday-Observance

Aug 8-Wednesday-Father's Day-Observance

Aug 17-Friday-Valentine's Day-Observance

Aug 25-Saturday-Ghost Festival-Observance

Sep 3-Monday-Armed Forces Day-Observance

Sep 23-Sunday-September equinox-Season

Sep 24-Monday-Mid-Autumn Festival-National holiday

Sep 28-Friday-Teachers' Day-Observance

Oct 10-Wednesday-National Day/Double Tenth Day-National holiday

Oct 17-Wednesday-Double Ninth Day-Observance

Oct 21-Sunday-Overseas Chinese Day-Observance

Oct 25-Thursday-Taiwan's Retrocession Day-Observance

Oct 31-Wednesday-Halloween-Observance

Nov 12-Monday-Sun Yat-sen's Birthday-Observance

Nov 22-Thursday-Saisiat Festival-Observance

Dec 21-Friday-December Solstice-Season

Dec 21-Friday-Dōngzhì Festival-Observance

Dec 25-Tuesday-Constitution Day-Observance

Dec 25-Tuesday-Christmas Day-Observance

 

Taiwan Holidays 2019

Date-Weekday-Holiday Name-Holiday Type

Jan 1-Tuesday-Republic Day/New Year's Day-National holiday

Feb 4-Monday-Chinese New Year's Eve-National holiday

Feb 4-Monday-Farmer's Day-Observance

Feb 5-Tuesday-Chinese New Year's Day-National holiday

Feb 6-Wednesday-Chinese New Year Holiday 1-National holiday

Feb 7-Thursday-Chinese New Year Holiday 2-National holiday

Feb 8-Friday-Chinese New Year Holiday 3-National holiday

Feb 9-Saturday-Chinese New Year Holiday 4-National holiday

Feb 19-Tuesday-Lantern Festival-Observance

Feb 19-Tuesday-Tourism Day-Observance

Feb 28-Thursday-228 Memorial Day-National holiday

Mar 8-Friday-Women's Day-Observance

Mar 8-Friday-Earth God's Birthday-Observance

Mar 12-Tuesday-Arbor Day-Observance

Mar 20-Wednesday-March equinox-Season

Mar 25-Monday-Kuan Yin's Birthday-Observance

Mar 29-Friday-Youth Day-Observance

Apr 4-Thursday-Children's Day-National holiday

Apr 5-Friday-Tomb Sweeping Day-National holiday

Apr 19-Friday-God of Medicine's Birthday-Observance

Apr 21-Sunday-Easter Sunday-Observance

Apr 27-Saturday-Matsu's Birthday-Observance

May 1-Wednesday-Labor Day-National holiday

May 4-Saturday-Literary Day-Observance

May 12-Sunday-Mother's Day-Observance

May 12-Sunday-Buddha's Birthday-Observance

Jun 3-Monday-Opium Suppression Movement Day-Observance

Jun 7-Friday-Dragon Boat Festival-National holiday

Jun 15-Saturday-Kuan Kung's Birthday-Observance

Jun 15-Saturday-Chen Huang's Birthday-Observance

Jun 21-Friday-June Solstice-Season

Aug 7-Wednesday-Valentine's Day-Observance

Aug 8-Thursday-Father's Day-Observance

Aug 15-Thursday-Ghost Festival-Observance

Sep 3-Tuesday-Armed Forces Day-Observance

Sep 13-Friday-Mid-Autumn Festival-National holiday

Sep 23-Monday-September equinox-Season

Sep 28-Saturday-Teachers' Day-Observance

Oct 7-Monday-Double Ninth Day-Observance

Oct 10-Thursday-National Day/Double Tenth Day-National holiday

Oct 21-Monday-Overseas Chinese Day-Observance

Oct 25-Friday-Taiwan's Retrocession Day-Observance

Oct 31-Thursday-Halloween-Observance

Nov 11-Monday-Saisiat Festival-Observance

Nov 12-Tuesday-Sun Yat-sen's Birthday-Observance

Dec 22-Sunday-December Solstice-Season

Dec 22-Sunday-Dōngzhì Festival-Observance

Dec 25-Wednesday-Constitution Day-Observance

Dec 25-Wednesday-Christmas Day-Observance